|

History of Philadelphia radio station 102.1 WIOQ (Clear Channel)

  • WFIL-FM History, WFIL-FX

    On November 10, 1941, the WFIL Broadcasting company began operating a new 3 kW FM station on 45.3 Mhz. This was the city's (and possibly the country's) first commercial FM station, and was located in the Widener Building at Broad and Chestnut streets. The station, known initially as W53PH, changed its call letters to WFIL-FM in 1943. During portions of World War Two, the station was silent. Regular programming resumed in January, 1946.

    On March 1, 1946, WFIL AM and FM were acquired by Walter Annenberg's Triangle Publications for $1,900,000. Triangle published the "Philadelphia Inquirer." In early 1947, the station's frequency was changed to 99.9 MHz, and then by mid year it was changed again to the familiar 102.1 MHz. In late July of 1947, a new TV-FM tower was erected on top of the Widener Building, and TV broadcasts commenced on channel 6 on September 13, 1947. During 1948, some experimental facimile broadcasts known as WFIL-FX were undertaken using a subcarrier of WFIL-FM. A facimilie edition of the co-owned Philadelphia Inquirer consisting of an 8 page advertiser-supported weekly review was broadcast. The service did not prove popular with the public and the fax equipment was donated to Temple University two years later. In the summer of 1949, WFIL-FM and WFIL-TV relocated their transmitter to the Roxborough section of Philadelphia.

    Early programming was varied and included concerts, studio bands, news and sports. WFIL-FM was one of the few FM stations that maintained separate programming throughout its schedule and did not rely on simulcasting of the co-owned AM station. On October 13, 1952, WFIL moved all of its operations into a new radio-TV building at 46th and Market streets. In the late 1950s, WFIL provided Philadelphia's first regularly scheduled binaural broadcasts every sunday with "Dimensions in Sound." This was an early form of stereo by broadcasting one channel on WFIL-AM and the other on WFIL-FM.

    WFIL FM logo

    In February of 1964, WFIL-FM moved to new 4th floor studios in the "WFIL Broadcast Center," located at 4100 City Line Avenue. At this time, the station operated from 7AM to 1AM daily with a "mood orchestra/Broadway show tunes" format with four hours of classical music per day and the weekly program "Wonderful Weekend of Music." Stereo broadcasting was inaugurated on September 1, 1965. In 1968, the station ran an automated easy listening format programmed by Dave Klahr. This format consisted of two instrumentals, six oldies and two LP cuts per hour, with the rest of the time filled by current easy listening songs. Announcers on the automated system included WFIL-AM announcers Jay Cook, J.J. Jeffries and Tom Tyler.


    WIOQ

    W102 logo

    In 1971, Triangle sold WFIL-FM to Richer Communications for $1 million. The station changed its call letters to WIOQ on 5/28/71 and moved its studios to #2 Decker Square in Bala Cynwyd. (now known as Two Bala Plaza) The format was now automated "middle of the road" music and softer pop hits, known as "Popular 102", "W-102", and "Stereo Island." Some of the jocks during this period were Jeff Dean, Lee Meredith, Art Andrews, Alan Drew (Later known as Alan Frio on WCAU-TV news), Jere Sullivan, and Jay Mathieu. In 1974, the automation was turned off, and the format was changed to progressive rock. One of the first DJs at the new station was John Harvey, known for his popular "Harvey in the Morning" show, which debuted in 1977.

    WIOQ 80s logo

    The Richer Broadcasting company was sold at auction on September 8, 1977 for an undisclosed purchase price. The corporate name was changed to the Que Broadcasting Company, and the station was then known as "Q102." The Outlet Company, a Providence-based group owner, acquired WIOQ from the Que Broadcasting company on August 21, 1979.

    By 1980, the station had moved away from a broad, progressive playlist and added a softer edge to the music. For example, instead of hearing the Sex Pistols alongside Styx, or Miles Davis segue into Mike Oldfield, you were now likely to hear Streisand or Diana Ross in the mix. In any case, the music remained somewhat eclectic, and would now be considered something akin to "adult rock." Some other personalities on Q102 during this period included Helen Leicht, David Dye, and Ed Sciaky.

    WIOQ Solid Gold 102 logo The station limped along with low to moderate ratings until November 19, 1987, when the station switched to an oldies format. On the same day, CHR WCAU-FM also switched to an oldies format as WOGL. WIOQ's version of the oldies format included fewer pre-1964 songs and a smaller playlist than WOGL.

    Top 40 Format

    On January 18, 1989, twenty-one employees of WIOQ-FM - including the entire on-air staff - were fired, as the radio station changed ownership and formats. Virginia-based EZ communications purchased the station from Outlet Communications for $19,200,000, and immediately swiched from oldies to a white-oriented urban-contemporary format "loaded with current, up-tempo music." Over the next few years, that format evolved into a lively rhythm-and-blues/rap mix that appealed strongly to a young, predominantly black audience. This placed the station in stiff competition with similarly formatted WUSL-FM. When WIOQ owner EZ Communications acquired WUSL as a duoploy arrangement in 1994, WIOQ gradually moved back to a more dance-oriented contemporary-hits/urban mix aimed for a white audience.

    In 1997, WIOQ's license was transferred from EZ Communications to American Radio Systems through a $655 million exchange in stock. ARS was required to spin off WIOQ and WUSL to new owners in the spring of 1997. Evergreen Media Corporation became their new licensee in an exchange of other stations. In September, 1997, Evergreen Media merged with Chancellor Broadcasting and became co-owned with five other Philadelphia stations. As the result of yet another merger in 2001, WIOQ became property of Clear Channel Communications. WIOQ remains a successful mainstream Top 40 station.

    Billboard, various issues, 1948, 1958, 1965, 1968
    Detweiler, Margit. "Glory Days." Philadelphia Citypaper 26 Nov. 1998.
    Interview with George Nice

    Email this page: | Share this page:
  • Discuss 102.1 WIOQ Philadelphia

    Comments? Corrections? Worked there? Please let us know!

    1. Posted at 11:17 AM on 8/13/2011 by Howard Kaplan:
    I discovered WIOQ right after it was sold to Richer in 1971 and absolutely loved it. I was a fan of MOR/AC music and this was like WIP and WPEN without all the talk. They played lots of great pop including very good album cuts. Years later I tracked down Dave Klahr and he told me that he would just sit down and listen to 45s and lps and when he found stuff he liked he would just play it. Too bad it all ended.

    2. Posted at 11:20 AM on 8/13/2011 by Howard Kaplan:
    Forgot to mention that Bill Fantini was also an announcer on Popular 102.

    3. Posted at 2:59 PM on 1/25/2012 by Vince Griffin:
    Hopefully someone out there can help me find air tapes of Ed Schiaky or Helen Leight from the mid to late 70's especially wioq-Q102

    4. Posted at 3:54 PM on 3/3/2012 by jacques:
    From 74/79..... those Years.... When... the Progressive Rock blocks in those years... And the DEPTH was UNHEARD of Example...NAZARETH/Freewheeler , Taxxi/Leaving , Manfred Manns Earth Band/Father of Day Father of Night.David Bowie/Five Years ,Yes/Close to the Edge. Aerosmith/Lord of the Thigh's.... Robin Trower/Somebody Calling. Great Blends of There ... Today you can here those same bands.... 3wk.com woxy.com

    5. Posted at 3:50 PM on 5/11/2012 by Jeff Mathieu:
    I was "Jay" Mathieu on WIOQ. Jeff Dean, the morning man, was there before me so Dave Klahr had me use the name "Jay" because he didn't want two jocks with the same first name. Dave was a super talented programmer who later programmed WEEI-FM in Boston and Magic in Philadelphia. I believe Dave and Jere Sullivan have both passed away. Great guys. Bill Fantini was a originally a newsman and at the end he and I were the only two announcers left. We voice-tracked alternating 6 hour shifts until the end.

    6. Posted at 11:46 AM on 7/11/2012 by Harry Neyhart:
    I worked at WIOQ at the tale end of the pop era and the start of the progressive era. Jocks at the end of my tenure there were Jim Harlan, Bill Fantini, Alex DeMers, John Harvey and Bill Paul. When I started, it was programmed by Roy Laurence with voice tracking by him and Bill Fantini. I didn't meet Dave Klahr until I moved over to WMGK in 1976.

    7. Posted at 9:19 AM on 11/15/2012 by Charles McGrother:
    WIOQ The best of Progressive rock. When Harvey in the morning ended as did Ed Sciaky God rest His Soul, Helen Leight, David Dye, & Michael Tozzi left IOQ the music changed and Philly Music will never be the same. By the way I would love to get my hands on any of those air tapes also. Free form music, those personalities, and Philly Music well it is gone.

    8. Posted at 11:02 PM on 12/3/2012 by David:
    Q102 switched from a dance-based Top 40 format to its current mainstream-Top 40 format sometime in the late 90s to early 2000s if not well into the mid-90s.

    9. Posted at 6:06 PM on 4/30/2013 by Charles Dowdney :
    In roughly 78-79 Q102 would play the Best of Progressive Rock Weekends.Half hour blocks of music by a mix of all great artist of the day, Jethro Tull , Led Zeppelin, Bad Company, Jackson Browne, Foghat, Eagles to name a few. Bands such as Beatles , The Stones and The Who would get an hour block. You could get the wallet sized schedule that listed the artist and time for the entire weekend at 7-11 and some other places. it was the soundtrack of many a weekend while I was in HS.

    10. Posted at 7:58 PM on 12/21/2013 by Joe Mitchell:
    Alternative rock before there was alternative rock:BarclayJames Harvest,Renaissance, Horslips,Al Stewart,King Crimson,The Strawbs,Chilliwack,Frank Zappa,The Alex Harvey Band,etc...Also first station to play sex pistols, Blondie and Howard Stern(Remember The News Blimp?)

    11. Posted at 6:53 PM on 1/26/2014 by Roy Laurence:
    I was PD at WIOQ and later WCAU-FM in the 70s. Where is the accurate history???

    12. Posted at 10:40 AM on 5/31/2014 by Tim Lewis:
    I think it was 1978, Helen Leicht played Joni "Song to a Seagull". I've been hooked ever since!

    13. Posted at 11:59 AM on 11/24/2014 by susan hitchcock:
    Hi, I'm writing to see if I can obtain any information on a former DJ, Chris Guetta? Chris and I worked together in the late 70s at WSNI and she became elemental in helping me at my new job and learning the radio media ropes (I was secy to the GM (Joe Samuelson), and alse wrote air copy for their sales, a few spots of which Chris ended up in. I had heard from a mutual friend that Chris had died in mid-2014--so sad, as we'd connected on Facebook and were going to meet in Philly for lunch! Chris stayed in my memory as a vibrant and funny and talented voice in the business and I wanted to reconnect. Any info. you my know about her or folks who I could connect with on facebook, that can fill me in on Chris those past years (1980-on), I be very grateful! Thank you, Sue Hitchcock

    14. Posted at 10:14 PM on 1/14/2015 by Doug Heller:
    I remember back in the late 70's, the station had live concerts from area niteclubs andbars. One bar was Starr's 2nd and Bainbridge. Does anyone know who would have the tapes of those concerts???

    15. Posted at 12:47 AM on 2/22/2015 by Korinne Jackman:
    I started listening to WIOQ in 1974. I still have some of the schedules of the Best of Progressive Rock weekends. Those weekends introducer me to music I never would have heard. I have bootlegs tapes I made of some of the Christmas concerts at the Valley Forge Music Fair. I think Ed Sciaky was one of the best radio personalities to hit the airwaves. His genuine love of music and his willingness to share his knowledge and tastes with us made him a standout. I still miss hearing him on his Sunday night radio show. Every time I hear Jefferson Airplane's Embryonic Journey I am reminded of him. Two other greats, Helen Leicht and David Dye. Like listening to Helen on WXPN...it's like we're all growing old together.

    16. Posted at 1:35 AM on 5/15/2015 by Jea Davis:
    I was a die-hard WIOQ fan during the 70's while in high school. My two favorites were "Debut on Q" and "Concert on Q" which featured local, relatively unknown artists. There was a song called "Forsythia" by Elizabeth May Fern (sp.?) that is seared into my memory - I was sure she would soar to fame and fortune. If anyone knows whatever became of her, or if there are any of her recordings available anywhere, I would appreciate the information. Thanks! Jere Sullivan was the best!

    17. Posted at 5:42 PM on 12/28/2016 by Kevin Hilley:
    Loved listening to Harvey on the way to high school in the mornings.

    Add your comment

    Your name:
    Your email:  (Will not be displayed or sold)
    Comment: