History of Philadelphia radio station 95.7 WBEN (Beasley Broadcast Group)

  • WFLN Classical Radio Philadelphia

    95.7 FM was founded by Philadelphia civic leaders as a fine arts station, which signed on as WFLN at 5PM on March 14, 1949. In the early years, programming was heard in the evening hours only. In 1956, an AM operation was added, which mostly simulcasted the FM.

    WFLN, which stood for "Franklin Broadcasting" was the first stand-alone (not co-owned with a local AM) station in Philadelphia. For nearly 50 years, the station's studios, transmitter and self-supporting tower were located at 8200 Ridge Pike, at the western edge of Roxborough, a few miles apart from the cluster of other antennas in Roxborough. From the late 1960s until the late 1980s, WFLN also maintained a small office in center city Philadelphia on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway near 17th Street. This facility was used as a sales office and small studio where host Ralph Collier would do live and recorded interviews. Until about 2004, remnants of white plastic letters spelling "WFLN" could be observed on a low brick wall at the abandoned location, but they have since disintegrated.

    Station leadership was carried out by the Smith and Green families. Programming consisted of classical music along with a number of short "feature" programs. Little emphasis was placed on making the station profitable, and most years it simply broke even.

    First Sale

    The station continued along in this relaxed atmosphere until 1988, when it was sold to Marlin Broadcasting, a chain of classical music stations led by Woody Tanger. Tanger decreed that the station would begin to make money with the classical format through a series of drastic changes.

    Ten of WFLN's 31 employees, mostly from the sales and office staff were fired. A half-hour noon talk show hosted by long-time fixture Ralph Collier was canceled. (Tanger later fired Collier outright due to comments Collier made about the station in Philadelphia Magazine) Veteran arts critic Charles Lee was yanked off the air, and Tanger cut back dramatically on the station's news coverage, which included firing longtime newsman Jules Rhind. Tanger maintained that news programming was readily available on other stations.

    The effect of these sweeping changes was a more efficient operation, an increased commercial load, and a higher salary for the remaining announcers. Shadow traffic reports also began running on the station for the first time.

    WFLN 90s logo

    In 1995, Tanger engineered a complex swap with American Radio Systems, ultimately selling the station for $28 million. This transaction marked the beginning of the end of WFLN as a classical music station, as four more companies bought and sold the station within the next two years. Each new owner became less satisfied with the low revenue returns on the classical format, while the price of the station skyrocketed with each transaction.

    In June, 1996, American traded WFLN to Secret Communications for a station in Sacramento. Secret's president, Frank Wood, announced that he would retain the classical format if marketing and programming modifications could increase the station's market share to 4 percent. Based on their research, Secret eliminated some of the station's talk programs, played shorter works and movements of symphonies during prime listening hours, and instructed on-air personalities to enliven their delivery. (This was referred to as the "dumbing down" of the station by some insiders)

    Two months later, Evergreen Media Corp. agreed to buy WFLN and three Detroit stations from Secret, which received $38 million for WFLN alone. Technically, Secret never even owned WFLN, since FCC approval of their purchase from American Radio Systems was still months away.

    In April, 1997, Greater Media, owners of WMGK-FM, WMMR-FM, and WPEN-AM announced that they would purchase WFLN for $41.8 million. At this price, many in the industry believed that the 50 year old classical format would soon be changed to one that brought in a higher return on the investment.

    End of Classical Format

    The announcement was made on September 4th, 1997: In less than 24 hours, WFLN would cease to exist. The next day, at 6pm, Jill Pasternak, a WFLN host for 11 years, read the station ID for the last time. Following that, Greater Media CEO Tom Milewski gave a brief speech, in which he explained to listeners that WFLN's classical recordings were being donated to Temple University's WRTI, which would be halving its jazz format to accommodate classical music. Milewski added, "Classical music, is, we feel, best presented in a non-commercial context." After a brief pause, Max 95.7, WXXM was born. The format was modern rock, and the first song was Cheryl Crow's "A Change Is Gonna Do You Good."

    The format change did not go quietly among some dedicated listeners who besieged the station with phone calls. Some even stopped by the station to personally bid farewell to the departing announcers. Others formed small groups to figure out a way to bring full-time classical music back to the Philadelphia airwaves.

    After a few months, the controversy died down, and WXXM began building its new audience. One of the tactics used by Max 95.7 to distinguish it from the other modern rock stations was to put the most requested songs in very heavy rotation. The ratings for Max were not spectacular, but by 1999 they were showing gains in their target demo.

    New Formats

    Jammin' Gold Logo

    On May 13, 1999, In the middle of Sarah McLachlan's song "Building A Mystery", the station unexpectedly switched to a soul/oldies format called "Jammin' Gold" and eventually new call letters WEJM. The format, Rhythm & Blues hits of the '60s and '70s, seemed immensely popular with listeners, but could never manage to bring in high enough ratings. Like other stations around the country with a similar format, Jammin' Gold did well at first, but then quickly lost audience share. Many in the radio industry believed that the station mishandled the format, using out-of-town consultants and little-known air talent. Despite marketing techniques such as dance parties and contests, ratings remained stagnant.

    On June 15, 2001, the format was changed yet again, this time to adult-skewing modern rock. (Matchbox Twenty, the Dave Matthews Band, Dido, Sugar Ray, Nelly Furtado, Madonna and Macy Gray.) New call letters WMWX were assigned, and the station name, "Mix 95.7," and music sounded strangely similar to its former incarnation Max 95.7. The ratings were also similarly unspectacular.

    In March, 2005, the station became "95.7 Ben FM" with a broad, adult-oriented playlist spanning three decades of music. This format is similar to the "Jack FM" format that CBS Radio used on some of its underperforming stations. In fact, rumors were swirling at the time that CBS would flip WOGL to such a format, so Ben FM may have been a pre-emptive move on Greater Media's part. Although many Jack/Ben stations use pre-recorded announcers, Ben does have disc jockeys during the day. Actor John O'Hurley provides the voice of station IDs during nights and weekends. Shortly after the switch to Ben FM, the call letters were changed to WBEN.

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  • Discuss 95.7 WBEN Philadelphia

    Comments? Corrections? Worked there? Please let us know!

    1. Posted at 4:06 PM on 10/8/2009 by Bill Stephens:
    95.7 Ben FM uses the exact same branding, format and logo, including font (except for the three-letter name) as 95.7 Max FM in San Francisco.

    2. Posted at 9:08 PM on 12/29/2010 by Ben Basile:
    I grew up listening to WFLN in the late 50's to mid '60's. Does anyone else remember that at one time the station marketed a radio permanently tuned to 95.7, called something like the WFLN Monitor (similar, I think, to what WEAZ did for EAZY 101 did in the 1980's, according to comments posted on that stateion's history page?

    3. Posted at 4:14 PM on 7/21/2011 by Mo Miller:
    The last sentence refers to WBEN. Prior to that, nothing. No reference to why the change in call letters took place. Where did the call sign come from? Absolutely no mention of regulations & how those came into play. This could have been such an enlightening piece of radio history. Instead, you have made it a waste and example of bad reporting.

    4. Posted at 1:28 PM on 2/10/2012 by Richard:
    The call sign came from Buffalo, NY - the home of the Buffalo Evening News, hence WBEN and WBEN-FM. Technically the call of 95.7 is "WBEN-FM". There aren't too many examples of calls split between cities but this is one...WBEN in Buffalo had long ago changed the FM calls to something different.

    5. Posted at 6:10 PM on 2/13/2012 by Francine D:
    Does anyone know if radio broadcast tapes of WFLN exist? And where would they be, if they even still existed?

    6. Posted at 3:44 AM on 1/6/2013 by Alan:
    Fln = Franklin. Ben = Benjamin. The most famous name in Philadelphia. Wfln first owner was Franklin broadcasting company.

    7. Posted at 8:14 PM on 2/1/2013 by Beth:
    You forgot that, for a brief period of time, this station was an all 80's format called "The Point." I think that it was in 2001, between the "Jammin' Gold" era and the "Mix 95.7" era.

    8. Posted at 10:54 AM on 6/21/2013 by Ethan:
    max 95.7 soundtracked my middle school years, I remember being really upset and confused when they switched to the soul format.

    9. Posted at 9:10 PM on 9/15/2013 by Charles:
    95.7 never had the nickname The Point. That was 96.5 after WWDB

    10. Posted at 10:42 PM on 6/22/2014 by Frank:
    this radio station is a cheap runed radio station this format is awful, its a 90s 2k oldies station.this radio station needs a new format change.

    11. Posted at 2:37 PM on 5/21/2015 by BEN:
    Frank, you're wrong. BEN is not an oldies station. An oldies station, by target demo definition, plays the hits of the 60s and 70s. The 90's not oldies, just because they seem old to you. Grow up.

    12. Posted at 1:14 PM on 1/16/2016 by Kerry Painter:
    Ben Basile, I used to listen to WFLN back from 1980 - 1988. I'm so sad to learn that the classical station is no more.

    13. Posted at 11:20 PM on 2/29/2016 by Mister:
    Was listening to Faure's Pavan and got to missing WFLN classical radio and Henry Varlack's Sleeper's Awake midnight show. RIP Henry, and RIP WFLN. Folks have no idea how special that was. Is anybody going to reminisce about how special the current format is, 20 years after it goes off the air? Don't think so.

    14. Posted at 5:41 PM on 6/3/2016 by David Hoffecker:
    I am back in Philadelphia for a tribute concert to my band/orchestra director and Googled WFLN - a mainstay in my high school years as I learned and loved classical music. A sad tale to read of the demise of such a wonderful music presence in the tri-state area. My most immediate memory is of the evening program that had Respighi's Fountains of Rome as its signature music. I spent many hours listening to great music as a high school,student and I wish young musicians of today could have the same experience. Farewell.

    15. Posted at 12:04 PM on 8/15/2017 by Steven Cades:
    I was seven in 1949, and it couldn't have been many years after that when my parents bought their first Zenith FM radio. Thereafter, if anyone was awake in our house, the classical music of WFLN was in our ears. When my wife and I moved to central New Iersey, our station of reference changed to New York's WQXR. Now, in our many years's residence on Maryland's Eastern Shore, it's Baltimore's WBJC. My/our early immersion in classical music has led to our delight in (orchestral) concert-going, and the joy I find in making music as a bass in our local (classically-oriented) community chorus. I did know of WFLN's demise, so many years ago, but I've not previously had the opportunity to thank, however belatedly, the owners, managers, and staff of my long-lost, long-time musical tutor.

    16. Posted at 11:50 PM on 8/17/2017 by Jim Palmer:
    The last on air announcer from the WFLN days, Dave Conant, retired recently from WRTI. I still have my WFLN mugs from their annual Philly Orchestra fund raisers. Miss that station so much!

    17. Posted at 12:03 AM on 12/13/2017 by Ken Orr:
    When I was a boy living in Glenside in the 1950s I used to listen to WFLN and loved John Edwards voice. In fact I used to try to say the names of the classical works along with him. Years later I got my dream job at WFLN after working a year on the All Night concert at WPBS. I worked there for 10 years and loved every minute of it. In fact I replaced my idol John Edwards when he died. I did the morning Potpourri program and filled in at night some times. Once fell asleep and Philadelphia Magazine wrote about it under the title of WZZZZZZ. Left to open my own hoagie and ice cream shop in Glenside. KEN'S KONES.

    18. Posted at 4:31 PM on 2/4/2018 by Scott Cohen:
    I grew up in Cherry Hill listening to WFLN and remember that it prompted me to buy my first Classical album, Holst's "The Planets" with Steinberg and the Pittsburgh Symphony from Harmony Hut in the Cherry Hill Mall. Later there was a boxed set of Beethoven Symphonies with Leonard Bernstein as conductor that gave me hours of listening pleasure. I remember first hearing "The Lark Ascending" on Sleepers Awake which has nurtured a life-long love of English composers. In high-school I met Joseph Truitt, a great pedagogue and person, who encouraged us to listen to music other than the disco popular at the time. In retrospect those were simpler times, but it didn't seem so living through them. What I wouldn't give to see one of those colorful WFLN posters, and to discuss Gershwin with Joe Truitt again.

    19. Posted at 4:44 AM on 7/6/2018 by Ed:
    I used to listen to Sleepers Awake while a student at Trenton State in the early 80's. Was the theme music, in fact, Bach's Sleepers Awake? It was a great way to turn out the light!

    20. Posted at 3:55 PM on 8/21/2018 by Alan :
    Ed, the theme to “Sleepers Awake” was Faure’s Pavane. I got my love of classical music from this station (WFLN) in the late 70’s and early 80’s. Have Pavane in my iTunes to this day.

    21. Posted at 11:26 PM on 10/17/2018 by Michael Caskey:
    Usually listened to WFLN while cooking and eating in the dining hall at Faith Seminary in Elkins Park. The classical station of Philadelphia was also the class of the city. Found this article trying to find a stream for the station. I didn't know it was gone. Sad.

    22. Posted at 6:05 AM on 11/17/2018 by Harold Melvin:
    The description of Jammin’ Gold couldn’t be less accurate. Ratings initially were through the roof. Top 3 in demo. Out of town air staff? Terry Young and Michelle Durham did mornings, Christopher Knight did early afternoons and Joe Mama did pm drive...hardly unknown.

    23. Posted at 2:36 PM on 2/6/2019 by Jim Kane:
    Harold, you're absolutely correct! In its first full ratings book, the station was top 5 with Adults 25-54, and #3 with W25-54. It was a homerun, that took audience from multiple stations in the market, including WOGL, WDAS, WBEB. Had they not changed the programming from TSOP, Motown and Classic R&B, it would have been a mainstay in Philadelphia for years.

    24. Posted at 5:02 AM on 3/18/2019 by Jay Dunner:
    WFLN and its program guide led me to discover all manner of composers, from Holst to Faure to Mahler to Ives. I would plan my weekly listening according to that guide. Can anyone recall what each of the signature themes were for the regularly scheduled programs (e.g., Faure's Pavane for the midnight Sleepers Awake, and Faure's Sicilienne for the afternoon drive time show)? I'd love to compile a CD set of those themes for reminiscing about one of Philadelphia's cultural icons now sorely missed.

    25. Posted at 6:34 PM on 5/19/2019 by Rick:
    Came here to find out why Ben FM recently narrowed their focus to 80s and 90s only. But this article has no updates in 14 years, nevermind.

    26. Posted at 10:21 PM on 5/27/2019 by The Rev. Dr. Christopher Hershman:
    I listened to WFLN throughout my childhood outside of Reading, college and graduate school, seminary in Philadelphia, and then in my home and professional office until the very end when it went off the air. I was shocked. It was like one of my best friends had died. And I missed Dave Conant, Jill Pasternak, Ralph Collier and the rest of the staff like if they were personal friends. What a greedy, horrible mistake it was to shut down WFLN. I still miss WFLN.

    27. Posted at 4:52 PM on 8/10/2019 by Lenora Wolfgang:
    I am looking for the cd you played recently of Scheherazade by the Atlantic Symphony Orchestra conducted by Spano.

    28. Posted at 1:09 PM on 12/2/2019 by R Alan Campbell:
    Having worked at several radio stations in the Delaware Valley my longest and happiest days were with the staff at all classical WFLN. Broadcast Pioneers published some of my WFLN memories here: http://www.broadcastpioneers.com/bp11/wfln.html

    29. Posted at 7:31 PM on 12/19/2019 by Ken Orr:
    To Alan Campbell...thank you for your good work keeping WFLN in the news. I miss the place and muse often about the good ole days... Remember Al Barclay..Mike O'Donnell .. Jim Keeler... Harry Haas... Tom Moyer... and Mildred..

    30. Posted at 5:54 PM on 1/3/2020 by Debra Dressler:
    I was an undergrad at Penn, and I loved WFLN. I remember that there was a piece that was used to sign off the nightly broadcast or open the morning. It’s not the Pavanne theme song - it was more of a “Trumpet Voluntary” type piece. Does anyone remember what that was? I would know it if I heard it, but for the life of me, I can’t recall its name.

    31. Posted at 7:42 PM on 8/6/2020 by Steve Holden:
    I remember "Sleepers Awake"; it also was the place where I first heard Faure's Pavane (Op. 50). In those "good old days" before the internet, if you listened to a piece of music and missed the host's identification of it, you were out of luck. I would start recording on my cassette deck if I heard something I liked and would take the tape to my Chemistry professor at Temple U. and he could usually tell me what it was. I miss WFLN.

    32. Posted at 12:40 PM on 8/11/2020 by Peter Cunnius:
    This was my favorite radio station I listened every day & night while traveling to school at Hahnemann University School of Medicine and I loved all the hosts. I was very sad on 9/5/97 when the station abruptly closed due to corporate greed. I remember the last piece Jill Pasternak played it was: Rachmaninoff, Symphony No. 2 in E-Minor, Op. 27: III. Adagio

    33. Posted at 12:03 AM on 10/20/2020 by LaVerne Wood:
    I grew up in Dover, DE & listened to WFLN... when it came thru clear enough.. during my childhood. In fact I got most of my pre college music education from WFLN because there was little access to classical music . I had piano lessons but music on the radio was mostly country music & pop on only a few stations.When I decided to become a music major at Boston University it was even more of a help because the station was stronger & came thru much clearer then and I was able to hear special educational programs that helped me become familiar with all the symphonies, chamber music, music for orchestra & chorus, concertos, etc before I went to Boston U. WFLN was my anchor all thru grad work at Temple & thru 23 years of my teaching career. When it went off the air in 1997 I was heartbroken; like having an old friend pass away. I am retired now but still miss WFLN & think of it often when I’m listening to WRTI.

    34. Posted at 12:52 PM on 11/24/2020 by Marie Prewett:
    This page really brought back memories. The AM side of WFLN had to go off the air at sunset and my car - back in the 1970s - only had AM radio. I installed a converter in the vehicle so I could get the FM band! I never understood the economics of abandoning the old format as the listening audience tended to represent a well-educated and well-compensated group that should have been very attractive to advertisers.

    35. Posted at 9:59 PM on 1/4/2021 by Larry Wyner:
    Ah, memories... I grew up in northeast Ohio and was spoiled rotten by WCLV, however was a faithful WFLN listener as a student at Princeton in the late 70s and remember very fondly the ending of Mozart's Posthorn Serenade, which the station played as a segue to the time signal and news at the top of the hour, always cleverly timed so that the last chord would coincide exactly with the time signal! What were some of their other segue themes?

    36. Posted at 11:04 AM on 1/15/2021 by JL:
    Really appreciate the comments and the memories. To comment 13...I am doing the exact same thing! Listening to Faure's Pavane reminded me of the Sleepers Awake show. Loved that...kept me company as I did homework late in the night.

    37. Posted at 2:38 PM on 2/7/2021 by David S:
    In addition to Faure's Pavane and Sicilienne, other favorite classical pieces I first heard on WFLN, generally in the 5:00 PM light classics hour in the late 60's, are: Fritz Kreisler--Preludium and Allegro Aria detta la Frescobalda for guitar Paganini Capric 24 Orchestrated veersion of Bach Little fugure in g minor...

    38. Posted at 10:15 PM on 3/21/2021 by David S.:
    Obviously some typos in my earlier comment: Meant to type Paganini Caprice 24 and orchestrated version of Bach Little Fugue in g Minor...

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